What is Tree of Life ?

Posted by Tienda Karam Plazapi on

Since the formation of his core self and understanding the existence of a great world in which he is an element, he has attributed the meaning of sacredness to many beings and tried to explain the phenomena of the world he lives in through these beings.
One of the most common of these sacred beings is the tree. From the most primitive societies that lived on earth to the advanced civilizations that built the heavenly religions, societies have attributed rich meanings to trees and produced numerous myths and legends about them. Social anthropologists believe that the use of the tree symbol so often by humanity is due to the tree's appearance. On the tree, like every living person, he always tries to rise upward towards the sky and aims to reach a head to which he will bear fruit. Consequently, meanings such as immortality, luck, abundance, health and getting rid of illness are attributed to the tree.
In mythological sources, the symbol of the sacred and integrative tree, which is also known by various names such as "world tree" and "universe tree", appears as the "tree of life" with its most commonly used depiction. While this tree appears in some beliefs as a sacred tree that is located in the center of the world and unites all living creatures on it, heavenly religions depict the Tree of Life in the Gardens of Eden.
Although the way each society depicts the Tree of Life varies according to their own living space and needs, the common meaning they all attribute to the "Tree of Life" concentrates around the basic characteristic of "literary vitality and source of life, divine unity".
The Concept of the Tree of Life in Various Cultures
The first "Tree of Life" depictions in the history of man are found on Hittite and Assyrian seals. The oldest of these tree depictions used in the daily life of Lower Mesopotamian societies are BC. It can be dated to 3.000 years. Before that, it is seen that the concept of a "Plant of Life" existed, although there was no tree, especially in late Stone Age societies. Found in the excavations in Çatalhöyük, BC. A plant that symbolizes reproduction and fertility grows in the center of the mother goddess figure, dated to the 6th thousand years.
On the other hand, in Turkish culture, the "Tree of Life" is represented as a sacred tree that has existed since the creation of the world, extending from the center of the earth to seven layers above the sky, providing a spiritual connection between the earth and the sky. Another important depiction of the Tree of Life in Turkish culture is its association with derivation. The creation of man is usually described by a tribe or hero emerging from the sacred tree.
The polar star has an important place in the culture of the ancient Turks. The Turkish Nation naturally describes God in accordance with their own life. Accordingly, the Pole Star is a fruit found in the top leaf of the Tree of Life. This fruit and tree connect the divine realm with our world, and just as the Turks tied their horses to a stake, God ties his horse to this tree known as the "Iron Pile".
In Islamic, Christian and Jewish texts, we see that the "Tree of Life" is formulated as the great tree in the Gardens of Eden where the forbidden fruit grows. Although this tree is not given a special name in the Qur'an, it is referred to as the "Tree of Life" in the Torah. It appears in the Tuba Tree in Paradise in Islam, in a form similar to the tree of life. Various tafsir scholars have different opinions on this subject. In one of these, Fahrettin Razi's interpretation, it is stated that Tuba is a tree planted by God's own hand in Paradise, its branches are seen even behind the walls of Paradise and its root is Hz. It is stated that he was in the house of Muhammad. Hz. According to the narrations narrated by Muhammad himself, a branch extends from the trunk of the tree in the house of the Prophet to the house of every believer. Thus, a spiritual connection is established between the ummah and the prophet. This description parallels with the concept of the great tree that spiritually unites all beings on Earth and provides universal balance mentioned in aminist and shamanic sources.
The Place of the Tree of Life in Art
The "Tree of Life", which has been conceived by people as the link between the underworld (the world of the dead), the earth (the material world) and the sky (the godhead) for thousands of years, has inspired countless works of art because of this feature.
Especially in old iconographies, the "Tree of Life" is symbolized as the house of God. God comes out of here to offer food and drink to those around him. In Sumerian and Assyrian building decorations, it stands out as an item of worship.

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