Tile making, which has always a special place in Turkish decorative art, has a long history. In addition to the usage ceramics that can be traced since the Afrasiyab ceramics, the presence of tile decoration as glazed brick can be seen in the wall decoration since the early architectural works in Asia. It is observed that the glazed brick decoration, which was observed in a very balanced manner and especially in the interior, even in the most magnificent architectural works in the Anatolian Seljuk Period, left its place to glazed plate tiles in the Ottoman Period. The fact that most of the tiles used in large-scale buildings in the capital Istanbul, during the most glorious years of the Ottoman Empire, were Iznik products, is attributed to the fact that a famous architect such as Sinan preferred the quality of the tiles in Iznik. Both this preference, and the possibility of delivering tiles ordered by sea from Iznik to Istanbul more easily, XVI in Iznik. century this led to the development of art as a guild. In addition, the importance of being located at a crossroads between Istanbul and Anatolia and on the Silk Road cannot be denied in the development of tile making in Iznik. Iznik, with its early name, Nikaia, is a city surrounded by walls in the east of the lake, in the Marmara Region, and is defined as a world-famous tile-ceramic production center with Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman period monuments. BC IV. Iznik, which was under Roman rule in 72 B.C. in its historical development that can be traced since the 19th century, hosted two important Euclidean Councils in the Byzantine era, became the first Turkish capital in Anatolia in a very short time after the 1071 Malazgirt victory. It changed hands after the expedition and became one of the important centers of the Byzantine empire during the period when Istanbul was under Latin occupation by the Crusaders between 1204 and 1261, and it was conquered by Orhan Gazi in 1331 and entered the Ottoman rule. Iznik, famous for its early monuments of Ottoman architecture, especially XVI. Century, it gained a well-known and deserved reputation in the world of the period with its tiles and ceramics. XVII. Iznik, which started to lose its importance gradually from the end of the century, XX. It is a small town that no longer has traces of ceramic production and its old glorious days at the beginning of the century. Nowadays, it is a cute settlement center that is trying to reach its old days with its population of twenty thousand and the tile workshops that have revived and reached the number forty.
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- Etiquetas: Ceramic